Android N: everything you need to know


Enhancements to Google Now Launcher

In Android N Developer Preview 2, Google made two improvements to its Google Now Launcher. You can use a pinch gesture on the home screen to bring up the overview page, where, at the bottom, options for wallpapers, widgets and settings appear. And, at last, app options when dragging apps from the home screen and the app drawer are consistent. The options are now Remove / Cancel, Uninstall and App info. A minor but very welcome change.

How to download Android N

If you are a developer or just want to test the preview version of Android N, you can download images of the new OS directly from Google. Remember that this version is unstable and contains many bugs. The update can be downloaded via this link.

Note: Only the Nexus line of devices can receive the preview build of Android N. Below you can see what the Nexus models support the OS:

Android Authority picked up on the findings of an eagle-eyed Reddit user who spotted something hidden in the HTML code of the Android N Preview page, suggesting that Google might be planning to make the Developer Preview available on non-Nexus devices. The code in question states, “More supported devices from OEM partners”.

The problems with this becoming a reality are manifold, however. It takes updates a long time to roll out across all manufacturers for a reason: OEM UIs, like TouchWiz and EMUI, incorporate features that are otherwise not supported by stock Android.

It might mean that Google plans to make the Developer Preview available on near-stock devices, like the Moto X Play, but we will have to wait and see.

As usual, the Developer Preview version does not have a final name, it is still only “Android N”. However, Hiroshi Lockheimer, the head of Android, is stoking the curiosity of Android lovers, making jokes about the possible “Android Nutella”, but nothing is for certain at this point. Google’s I/O 2016 conference, where we originally expected this developer build to be released, promises more news on Android N.

Android N name

Android N is purely a codename right now, so what will the new version be called? There are already a lot of possibilities, but the major front-runners are Android Nutella and Android Nougat. If previous years are any indicator, Google will share the official Android N name in the weeks before the release of the 2016 Nexus devices.

In December 2015, Google CEO Sundar Pichai, speaking at a college in Delhi, suggested that Google is considering holding a poll to allow users to decide the official name of Android N. The comment came after Pichai was asked why there has not been an Android version named after an Indian desert. He commented that he would ask his mother for suggestions, and an online poll might make it a reality.

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We’re betting that Android N will be called Android Nutella. / © ANDROIDPIT

Android N release date

The Android N Developer Preview is already here and this will be followed by monthly(ish) updates until the final version. That final version will likely come around Nexus time – late September or early October – with Android N availability for other manufacturers and devices in the six or so months to follow.

Google tends to announce its major yearly Android updates at Google I/O – its annual developer conference – in May, so it’s very likely we’ll receive some more information about the Android N developer preview then.

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We already know Android N will have a native multi-window mode for tablets. / © Google

Android N: what we’d like to see

Below are some features not yet seen in the Android N preview which we would like to be implemented into the final build. 

Android N user-facing controls

Android Marshmallow delivered a lot of useful – if not exactly sexy – features, including granular app permissions, app standby whitelist (for exceptions to battery optimization), app linking preferences, System UI Tuner (for simple changes to the interface and RAM management.

Android N will likely continue to add more user-facing controls to stock Android. Some of the Android N features we’d like to see are more custom launcher features, such as the ability to change the number of rows and columns of icons in the app drawer, vertical or horizontal app drawer layout, user-defined gesture controls and a customizable power off menu. These features may well make it to prime time via updates to the currently hidden System UI Tuner.

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We think the currently hidden System UI Tuner might make it to prime time in Android N. / © ANDROIDPIT

Android N password manager

In Marshmallow, the Smart Lock for Passwords feature is hidden down the bottom of the Google settings. It’s a fledgling password manager for apps that will basically set back to exactly where you were if you uninstall and then re-install an app.

Smart Lock for Passwords automatically signs you into apps, and Marshmallow’s automatic app backup feature re-loads all of your app data and progress. It’s a nice idea, but it doesn’t work with many apps yet. We hope the Android N release delivers a fully functional and widely supported password manager.

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Google has expanded Smart Lock into a password manager tied to your Google account. / © ANDROIDPIT

Android N permissions manager

As we mentioned, Android Marshmallow already has granular app permissions – meaning that you can select individual permissions to grant or deny a particular app and change them at any time – but the feature is still a little confusing. The feature actually debuted back in the hidden AppOps in Android 4.3 Jelly Bean but was quickly removed, only to resurface in Android 6.0.

So we’d like to see an even better permission manager in Android N, one that makes the process more intuitive and allows better control over app permissions while making the whole process a lot more transparent. Right now you have to dig around in the apps settings of Marshmallow to even find and make sense of the current state of your app permissions.

By the time Android N rolls around, we also expect a lot more apps to support API 23, which ensures that granular app permissions do not significantly affect an app’s functionality. It’s early days for app permissions, but we think Android N will be the release where things get mature.

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Marshmallow lets you check permissions by app or permission type. / © ANDROIDPIT

Android N default applications

Android Marshmallow includes an app linking feature that allows you to define which apps to use to open particular links with. In the same area, you can tell the Android system which apps you want to use as the default for a few functions, such as the dialer, browser, SMS app and voice input.

Google is slowly expanding the default app functionality introduced back in KitKat when Hangouts was set as the default SMS app. Now we have four default apps options, but we’re hoping that Android N will introduce a default app picker for any number of your system needs: email, camera, file manager, fitness, weather, contacts, maps and more.

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We hope Android N lets you choose any default apps you want. / © ANDROIDPIT

Android N theme engine

If you’ve seen the OnePlus 2 you’ll know just how easily the stock Android interface can be themed, even on a very superficial level. OnePlus’ OxygenOS looks a lot like stock Android but allows you to choose custom accent colors for the interface (that’s the color of switches and toggles and so on). This would be a very simple but welcome addition to Android N.

We’d also expect to see a Dark Mode in Android N, but we wouldn’t be surprised if it reappeared in an upcoming Marshmallow update, long before Android N. It goes without saying that there’s no limit to how far Google could take a stock Android theme engine if it felt so inclined. After all, Android has been borrowing features from alternate launchers and custom ROMs for a while now.

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It’s not hard to imagine basic theme support in Android N. / © ANDROIDPIT

Android N system update independence

This would be the holy grail of Android N updates: independent system updates from Google that are totally separate from any subsequent updates imposed by your manufacturer or carrier. These last two are the reasons why Android updates take so long for non-Nexus devices.

If Google could update the core functionality of Android, independent of any interface and software feature changes added later by manufacturers and carriers, we could suddenly be looking at Nexus-speed Android updates for everyone, just like with iOS, and the end of Android fragmentation.

Add-ons from carriers and OEMs could simply come at a later date, but the core functionality would be near instantaneous. How this could all work is a bit of a mystery, but there has to be a team at Android already looking at it how it could make it work.

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Can Google issue Android system updates outside carrier and manufacturer additions? / © ANDROIDPIT

We saw Smart App Updates introduced back in mid-2012, whereby app updates don’t install the entire app again but only the new parts unavailable in your current version. We’ve also seen manufacturers like HTC pushing software features and apps to the Play Store to cut down on the weight of system updates.

By disentangling those features that don’t need to be tied up in major Android updates, patches and bug fixes can be pushed out a lot faster and the heavy lifting when major updates arrive will be lessened. If Google could manage this on an Android-wide scale (which is, admittedly, not very likely) it would be the best news to come out of Android in a very long time.

What would you like to see in Android N? What do you think the Android N name will be? Let us know in the comments.

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